*The Independent Order of B’nai B’rith (Allies, from Hebrew : ”Sons of the Alliance”) is the oldest Jewish organization still in operation in the world. Modeled on Masonic organizations, it was founded in New York, the 13 October 1843.
Today, part of a Jewish community hails Leo Frank as a innocent martyr, victim of anti-Semitism (photo above and others on thee net can be viewedisit is).
La victime mary phagan
Aformer employee of 13 years of the National Pencil Factory, in Atlanta ..
Leo Frank was part of an Atlanta Jewish community. He graduated from the’Université Cornell. Leo was the president ofu B’nai B’rith at Atlanta and he is an active figure in civic affairs. It is reknown as alocal socialite but he is also the supervisor of Mary Phagan at the National Pencil Factory (the pencil factory).
However it was admitted that Frank it isit a sexual pervert, a homosexual and a predator of young girls. He coerced employees into having sex with him.
James Conley worked at the pencil factory as a sweeper and handyman, and a market on thea scène dit's a crime.
The night watchman
Newt Lee was the night watchman who found the body
|Clothing Phagan and the cordon that killed her.|
The 26 avril 1913 – Leo Frank had demandé to Conley to watch while he “talkativebelonging to” with Marie Phagan.
Frank made sexual proposals at Phagan, and this one has refused. Ensuite, Frank who was on cocaine became enraged, and beat him mercilessly. He then took off his underwear, tied them around her throat and raped her.
To finish, Frank strangled her to death with a corde.
Frank summons Conley into the office, where he finds this one crouching over the unconscious girl. Leo tells him that Mary had resisted his advances, and when he caught it, she had fallen and she its hit lheaded. When he was done with her, he decided to kill her with a tourniquet.
Frank and Conley took the body to the basement, where Conley had to burn it in the factory oven.
Frank paid Conley 200 $ to burn little Marie.
|Mary Phagan's body|
Conley dragged Mary through the coals in the basement, la face against floor, what had caused bites and holes to his face.
Worried that the smoke from the oven be noticed a public holiday and may attirer attention, Frank decided to burn the body the next day.
They went back to Frank's office, where he had told Conley that there would be money waiting for him, if he “closed his mouth”.
That's when Frank said this threatening phrase: ”Why to bedid I hangu?”
Frank had written Conley notes. Cthem who were found close to the body, apparently in an attempt to incriminate Newt Lee.
At the beginning of the morning, Newt Lee finds body and calls the police. Police find little girl's body in a pile of ashes. One eye had been blackened by a blow and on both eyes, there was a slight abrasion.
The left side of the head bore a two inch wound, and there was a cut below the left knee. We could make out around his neck a cord buried in the flesh. There were also teeth prints on the breasts.
The girl had been beaten, strangled, then raped.
The night watchman who discovered Mary Phagan's body called the police.
He testified for over two hours. He told the same story, the one he told the police. So, he had noticed the body when he entered the bathroom of basement. He also said that Leo Frank was nervous and that'the had himemandis not to come to work.
This night, Lit's the Frank had called him to ask if everything was okay, an unusual practice for him.
|ADL was born in October 1913, the same year the Federal Reserve and the income tax were created in the United States of America, is there a link?|
Leo Frank, President of a subsidiary of B’nai B’rith at Atlanta, ended up being lynchis.
People from the community juiand of New York quickly decidedis to train the ADL, stating that this league would be made to protect yourselfr (themselves).
B’nai Brith employs a senator
24 June 1913 – Georgie Hoke Smith's senator considered helping to defend Leo Frank.
Drumors were circulating after defense lawyer Luther Rosser, and President Ike Haas of the National Pencil Company, were arrested in Washington en route to New York.
A person from the Jewish community, Albert Lasker, a poured over 100 000 $ for defense the Frank. He took a year off (of his company) to lead a new investigation and obtain additional funds. Other Jews have urged newspapers to deal with Frank's case, and appealed to politicians and business people for plead in favor of Leo Frank.
The 5 May 1913 – Lemmie Quinn, Mary Phagan Work Area Team Leader at the National Pencil Factory, testified that he saw Leo Frank on the Saturday of the murder and appeared to be under the effect of drugs. So, the decision has been made to exhume the body of Phagan and look for traces of drugs in his stomach.
The Broken Alibi
The 9 May 1913 – Monteen Stover aged 14 years old said she came to National Pencil Factory around 12:05 (around the same time than the arrival of Mary Phagan) and testified that Leo Frank was not in his office. Which contradicts Frank's testimony, who said he was in his office when Phagan was murdered.
Frank a insisted so that Mary is present on Saturday.
The 21 May 1913 – Solicitor Hugh Dorsey announced he would seek grand jury over Leo Frank indictment.
The 22 May, new controversy has arisen in the investigation of the murder of Mary Phagan. Phagan's stepfather signed affidavit accusing Thomas Felder, the prosecutor responsible for the visit of Burns Detective Agency in the dossier, because the latter approached him to allow the case to be continued by Felder.
Detectives presented transcripts of tapes in which wiretaps revealed Felder had offered them 1000 $ for access to evidence of the case.
The 23 May – The grand jury took ten minutes to render an indictment for murder against Leo Frank. Much of the indictment was based on Conley's testimony, and held the ”Negro” as an accomplice. There were five ”Hebrews” on this grand jury.
Nina Formby owned a brothel in Atlanta, where Frank was a frequent visitor. Frank called her on the night of the assassination and wanted help him get rid of the body.
She suddenly went to New York, where she retracted her statement. Another bribed witness.
Various witnesses about Leo Frank's sexual deviance
Tom Watson confirmed the rumors about indescribable orgies in Leo's office.
George Epps, a friend of Mary Phagan, testified that Phagan had fear of frank because he had flirted with her and made advances to her.
Hugh Dorsey then called several ex-employees of the National Pencil Factory at the stand.
Hugh Dorsey gave concrete examples of the immoral behavior of Leo Frank.
Conley often sat in front of Leo's desk, like a guard dog, as Leo organized his perversions behind the locked door. When someone approached, Conley would hiss or cough to warn his employer.
The 10 May 1913 – Robert House, an ex-policeman, said he once caught Leo Frank and a young girl in the woods of Druid Hills Park, engaging in immoral acts. Selon House, Frank had begged him not to report the incident.
The 25 May 1913 – A second exhumation of Marie Phagan's body took place, this time to find fingerprints. A fingerprint expert had been called in to help in the file.
The funeral director who embalmed Phagan’s body said there was evidence of’sexual assault and the county doctor also approved.
The cookisre family testifies about Frank's confession and attempted bribery.
The 3 June – Minola McKnight, the kitchenisre of Frank's family signed a statement saying Leo Frank was very nervous, and drank a lot, the night after the assassination of Marie Phagan. She said that’she heard frank's wife tell his mother that Leo slept on the carpet, and he asked to keep his pistol so he could shoot himself.
Frank told him –
“This is extrememement bad, Minola. I might have to go to jail at cause of this young girl, and i don't know anything about it. ”
Finally, she said her salary was increases like a ”tip to remain silent.”
Sreal revelations HERE, where we see that she was paid more the week after the murder, for inciter at keep quiet.
– 28 July 1913
|Mother of Mary Phagan|
A jury was quickly selected and invite ifisger. The first witness called was Mrs. J.W. Coleman, mother of Mary Phagan. She arrived to stay serene during most of his testimony, but finally she burst into tears when’she was asked to identify the clothes her daughter was wearing the day before her murder.
The next witness was George Epps, a thirteen year old boy who also worked at the National Pencil Factory. He had taken the streetcar with Phagan on the morning of 26 Avril, and they agreed to get together for some ice cream and go see the Parade ”Confederate Memorial Day” at 13:00.
The different Alibi of Leo Frank
– Lucille Frank declaring herself Jewish
2 June 1913 – In the beginning, she corroborated Frank's story about the times he came home for lunch, then returned to the factory on the day of the assassination. She was restless, believing her ex-husband had told police lies to get him into trouble. She said, that she and Frank were innocent.
– Herbert Schiff declaring himself Jewish
9 August 1913 – The twelfth day of the trial of Leo Frank. Herbert Schiff, Leo Frank's assistant, said he worked almost every Saturday and had never seen a woman in Frank's office except his wife. He added that he had never seen C.B. Dalton either.
7 May 1913 – The wife of one of the mechanics who testified on 30 Avril, said she visited her husband at the factory that day and saw a ”strange nigger” get on the elevator as it left around 1:00 p.m.. Distectives on this case said that someone did false testimony and tried to block the investigation.
Leo Frank of the National Pencil Factory expressed his dissatisfaction with the progress of the investigation, so he personally brought in a Pinkerton detective to help with the investigation.
|James (Jim) Conley|
This was the seventh, and principal witness, in the trial of Leo Frank. (James) Jim Conley, a sweeper at the factory, was called to testify and presented a horrific account, both graphic and sometimes revolting.
In fact, his testimony was so dismal that Judge Roan ordered all women and children out of the courtroom.
Conley testified that at many times, the “kept watch” for Frank, whileand celui-ci received young women in his office.
On the witness stand, Jim Conley was devastating. Selon Conley, Frank had confessed to the murder and tried to get it from him, to burn the body in the oven in the basement factory. Frank's lawyers were unable to shake Conley's story.
Some of his descriptions, regarding what he saw, have hinted that Frank was a sexual deviant. Conley also said that the juif aggressivebelonging to lit is Girls, and the boys… The way that he and Frank dragged the body through the factory to the basement oven. They returned to the office where Frank had notes written for Conley pointing to Guardian Newt Lee.
|Alonzo Mann, Frank's old office boy|
DisTective Starnes testified that he found the body in the sub–sol, face against terre, with a rope tied tightly around the neck, and a pair of cheeky feminine tied loosely around the neck. Marie was Virgin.
She was covered in blood du From at the head. He had called Leo Frank to inform him of the assassinat, and he said Frank looked extremely nervous when he got to the factory. Frank a annulis his exit baseball de its saturday afternoon.
The detective de Pinkerton in charge of investigating the case.
Scott then got angry with the defense attorneys when he claimed that one of them asked him to turn all the evidence from the police to the defense..
Also another testifiedge d’a seniore factory employee, Monteen Stover, who said she arrived at the factory at 12:05 p.m. to receive her salary, she had waited for Frank in his office for five minutes, then she is distributed. Which contradicts Frank's statement, when he said he was in his office while the murder was going on.
Dr. J.W. Hurt, county doctor who also examined Mary Phagan's body, said there was evidence to suggest it may have been “profane” (sexual assault). The prosecutor pointed out that she was killed while resisting, and Leo assaulted him while she was lying dying or already dead.
Dr. Harris said – “In addition to a broken hymen, Mary Phagan's vagina showed evidence of violence before death due to internal bleeding. The epithelium was torn from the internal walls and detached in some places” Mary phagan was bitten to the chest, on the left shoulder and in the neck.
Conley's story was, indeed, that he often sat in front of Leo's desk like some sort of watchdog while Leo performed his perversions behind the locked door. When someone‘approached, Conley would hiss or cough to warn his employer.
5 August 1913 – At the end of the day, Conley was still at bar, while defense attorneys argued that his testimony, that of having been a gnettor for Frank on previous occasions had to be struck off the record as unrelated to the case.
6 August 1913 – ce fandt on the ninth day of Leo Frank's trial. Judge L.S. Roan ruled that the testimony that Jim Conley who acted as Leo Frank's lookout was admissible. Applause erupted in the courtroom. Frank's lawyers immediately argued that further actions like these would result in a nullity case.. Judge Roan threatened to empty the courtroom if order was not upheld.
Anger in the courtroom
13 August 1913 – Jim Conley had said he was watching, while Frank was having fun with a woman in his office that day. Other witnesses were called during the afternoon. In cross-examination of one of these witnesses, Hugh Dorsey asked if he had ever heard complaints about Frank who stroked the young girls.
Ms. Rae Frank, Leo Frank's mother, jumped to his feet and shouted Dorsey “Non, not you either, you are a dog.” One of the defense attorneys escorted Ms. Frank out of the courtroom. Again, she called Dorsey a ”christian dog”.
18 August, 1913 – Leo Frank took the witness stand.
He spoke for four hours, calmly but firmly on the spread of his story. Frank said that toout what Jim Conley reported, were lies, and that the detectives tried to distort everything he (Frank) said, in order to incriminate him.
He said Mary came for her salary, shortly after 12:00 on 26 Avril, and returned a few minutes later to ask if the metal delivery had arrived (Phagan's work put metal spikes on pencils), then he left his office and he never saw her again in his lifetime.
He didn't see Jim Conley that day. Frank concluded his statement thus: ”Some newspaper columnists called me ”the silent man in the tower” (pfor his refusal to speak to the police or the press). Gentlemen, here is the time and here is the place! I told you the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth.”
Prosecutor's final argument
23 August 1913 – The twenty-fourth day of the trial of Leo Frank. L’avocat Hugh Dorsey a for follow-up its eloquent and always too ruthless final argument, insisting on obnoxious behavior the Leo Frank, and arguing that he does‘Was not indifferent to what lawyers of thein defense or what Frank's family thought of him; his duty was to Mary Phagan and the people of Georgia.
25 August 1913 – The defense then argued that Frank was the last in a long line of Jews who were persecuted for their religious beliefs, and once again, they claimed that Jim Conley was the real murderer. Conley, and many other witnesses for the prosecution, were shady characters, while Leo Frank had been a pillar of the community, that he had many very respected people around him, as well as a large number of its employees who have testified in his favor.
If the case rested solely on what Lit's the Frank said against Jim Conley, then it becomes obvious who must be believed. Frank's lawyers argued that the South had blamed the Jews for civil war, the repurchase of land and companies that have nexti.
Monday morning, the fifth regiment of Georgia National Guard, was posted throughout the city, and Judge Roan gave the jurors their instructions.
Le Verdict was delivered at 4:55 am, they came back with their decision.
Leo Frank was convicted. By Frank, neither his family or senior lawyers were in the courtroom when the verdict was announced.
There were two ballots; a whent to Leo's guilt, which was unanimous; and the second, including the recommendation for mercy, which would mean a life sentence. The first vote was to 11 against 1 voice for mercy. Finally, the solitary juror joined the other voices.
26 August 1913 – Judge L.S. Roan sentenced Leo Frank to be hanged for the murder of Marie Phagan.
The execution date was set at 10 October, but Frank's lawyers immediately appealed for a new trial.
Adolph Lewisohn, Samuel Untermyer, Louis Marshall, le rabbin Wise, and others ”great Hebrews” implored clemency.
|Governor John Slaton|
Governor was bribed to commute the sentence
20 June 1915 – On her last day at the office, Governor John Slaton of Georgia was bribed and commuted the sentence of Leo Frank, from death to life imprisonment.
And all hell broke loose in Atlanta.
The militia was called, and was posted around the residegovernor's nce, seven miles (about 11,27 km) from the center of town and martial law has been declared. Hundreds of cars loaded with men raced through the streets at the governor's official residence, where the crowd trampled the grounds, shoutis with veiled windows with curtains, and threwée in vain against the bayonets of the militia.
He was influenced by his fellow lawyers, who represented Frank. Anyway, Slaton's act was political suicide. He was forced to leave the country, fearing for his own life.
The question now was ”traitor governor of Georgia who its sold for shimmering gold.” Slaton was hanged in effigy; and the rumor was that he and Mrs. Slaton were leaving for New York immediately, at cause insults and curses invoked by the crowd.
Frank is transferred to Milledgeville prison
The governor arranged for Frank to be put in a private room near the guards.. His wife was allowed to visit him.
The 21 June 1915 – Leo Frank, in the middle of the night, was transferred from Fulton County Jail at Milledgeville Penitentiary in the State of Georgia on 18 July 1915. The prisoner J. William GreeHe slashed Leo Frank's throat at Milledgeville Prison in Georgi Statee. Only the quick actions of two other prisoners, two doctors, were able to stop the bleeding and the wound was sewn, to save Frank's life. Green accused Frank of attempted sodomy.
”Lynching by the mob made up of‘Eminents community citizens and in social and even church affairs “.
16 August 1915 – Around 22 hours, a caravan of eight vehicles carrying 25 armed men from the Atlanta area arrived at Milledgeville Prison in the state of Georgiae.
Naming themselves the knights of mary phagan, they cut the litelephone lines, surprised the guards and entered Leo's cell Frank, who had been condemned 2 years earlier for the murder of Mary Phagan, aged 13 years, in L’one of the most infamous trials of the whole century. The intruders have captured Frank and brought him back to Marietta.
Leo Frank was lynched
17 August, 1915 – Frank was hanged in the garden of Frey. When the word lynching spread among the public, the crowd gathered to see the body hanging from a tree.
18 August 1915 – Leo Frank's body, accompanied by his wife, left Atlanta on a train to Brooklyn, NEW.
20 August 1915 – Leo Frank was buried in Brooklyn, NEW.
Note (a little bysynthesis is required): Concerning the lynching, no one has ever been prosecuted for the murder of Leo Frank. And Jewish groups were indeed relieved, and never sought to try the accused. **
The defendant was taken from prison to his cell and lynched. And there was no shortage of brags who were claiming responsibility for this lynching.
Questions that may come to our mind:
– What is ite (B’nai B’rith, future members of the ADL, etc…) that these organized movements concealhave , by getting involved in this gangsterism?
If the members of B’nai B’rith really thought their accused was innocent, would they not have pressured to ensure that the lynchers were brought to the stand and that justice be applied to them too?It is reminderis than cand incident led to the creation of ADL, a league that calls itself defstop defamatory acts against lJews.
C‘Is at wonder if this pseudo-defense de Leo Frank n’a permis, in fact, than to give some credibility for the fabriccation of this league. A association ofe members who says he is la protectrice of Jews and that même si Franck is guilty. A defense organization that would act under cover fear of the anti-semitism even if it does not take place d‘Argue in this direction.
On constate que since some voice it's timevent. I quote: ”ADL is an organization that manipulates our Jewish citizens and the general population of the’ America by applying the term ‘anti-semite‘ to any opposition…”. Ci-joint to read more, texts in english HERE.
Since the question of the anti-semitism was raised during the case of Leo Frank. Why those who giveont naissession at l’ADL (made by members of the B’nai B’rith), did not bring his diesallegedly anti-Semitic laughter in front of theand court? Or, the case has demonstrated that the question was out of order antisemito. And for good reason, even thehe jury that was to deliver its verdict included five upper middle class Atlanta Jews.We can ask ourselves ins this case. Why are membersIt is l’ADL not withe are no apologies in prissimply texting an error of judgment and qfinally their defending leagueteaches no longer theregod of being? Dares then, what is the point of this at thegeu!?Presumably, if some people thought that Leo Frank was really guilty, the lynching solved, indirectly, a lot of problems. Indeed, a guilty man spending the rest of his life in prison may decide to confess the end of the line somewhere in the hope of being released.We know who killed Mary Phagan.
The real question is why no one cared about the lynching of Atlanta B’nai Brith President ? And still less, concerns about those who participated in the lynching? And who are the people who were involved in this cover-up? So what were the accessories before the facts, to this murderous obstruction of justice? Several decades later, after most of the witnesses are dead, Leo Frank received a posthumous pardon that did nothing to bring his killers to justice. Of course, a pardon is usually based on political influence and has nothing to do with guilt or innocence.
Niece of Mary has spent thousands of hours researching court records, newspaper clippings and family reports. She concluded that there was no d’anti-semitism, but rather hard and cold facts.
Frank was a cold blooded killer, and he killed the girl. Today, Jewish groups repanent dirt on a child of 13 years, in order to discredit her. Various photos and a diagram of the murder scene.